James A. Turner
1. All of the males were to appear before Jehovah three times a year. They were to assemble at the place that God had appointed, and they were to have with them the things needed for proper observance of the feast.
to the blessing of Jehovah thy God which he hath given thee."
2. God's providence was promised
A. Things about the first
1 They kept the first Passover in
2. It was instituted before the event that it was to commemorate.
3. Each household was to put up a one year
old male lamb that was without blemish on the tenth day of the month. The whole
4. They were to take of the blood and put it
on the side-post and lintels of their houses (Ex.12
5. They were to roast the lamb and eat of it
with unleavened bread and bitter herbs (Ex.12
6. They ate the first Passover in haste, with
their loins girded, with their shoes on their feet, and their staffs in their
7. God said,"and when I see the blood, I
will pass over you, and there shall no plague be upon you to destroy you, when
I smite the
B. Three fold design of the feast
1. It commemorated God's passing over them
and giving them deliverance (Ex.12
2. The feast was a divinely appointed means of instruction for future generations.
Passover sacrifice to the Lord, who passed over the houses
of the Israelites in
3. It was typical of Christ the Lamb of God
(a) The lamb was without blemish II Cor.5
(b) Not a bone of the lamb was to be broken
(c) It was killed by the congregation at
even, and so was Christ (Ex.12
(d) The lamb was for their physical
salvation, and Christ was given for our spiritual salvation (Jn.1
(e) Its blood procured their physical
salvation after they applied it to the side post and lintels of their houses
Christ's blood procures our spiritual salvation when it
is applied (Rom.6
C. Christ instituted the Lord's Supper at the
last Passover that he kept with his apostles (Matt.26
1. It, like the Passover, was instituted before the occurrence of the event that it was to commemorate.
2. We would not observe it today if Christ
had not died on the cross just like
D. Why the two names?
1. Passover- God spared the first born in their houses.
2. Feast of Unleavened Bread - because it began on the day after the Passover and lasted seven days.
(a) Lamb killed on the
fourteenth of their first month Abib (our April), and they were to eat
unleavened bread until the twenty-first (Ex.12
(b) The first and seventh days were to be
holy convocations (Lev.23
(c) The unleavened bread and bitter herbs
were to remind them of the days of affection in
THE FEAST OF WEEKS, THE DAY OF THE FIRST FRUITS, HARVEST, AND THE FEAST OF PENTECOST
A. Why the different names?
1. Weeks - They were to number seven weeks from the time they put the sickle to the standing grain and then on
the day after the seventh Sabbath they observed this feast.
the time thou beginnest to put the sickle to the standing grain shalt thou begin to number seven weeks. And thou shalt keep the feast of weeks unto Jehovah thy God with a tribute of a freewill offering of thy hand, which thou shalt give, according as-, Jehovah thy God blesseth thee."
2. Day of First Fruits - They were to offer a wave offering of the first fruits of the wheat harvest.
and he shall wave the sheaf before Jehovah, to be accepted for you on the morrow after the Sabbath the priest shall wave it."
3. Harvest - The feast had to do with the consecration of the harvest of the small grain.
4. Pentecost - It is not called by this name in the Old Testament. Of this matter McGarvey says, "But the fact
that it occurred on the fiftieth day, gave it, in later ages, under the prevalence of the Greek language, the
name of Pentecost, which is a Greek
adjective, meaning fiftieth." The Pictorial Bible Dictionary on this point
reads, "The name "Pentecost," meaning "50th",
originated from the fact that there was an interval of 50 days between the two.
The feast lasted a single day (Deut.16
B. What was the purpose of this feast?
1. Surely it was intended to cultivate in their hearts sentiments of gratitude to the bountiful giver of the harvest.
2. McGarvey says that it was the day on which the law was given on Mount Sinai, and The Pulpit Commentary says that
the ancient Christian Fathers suggested that it commemorated the giving of the Law.
C. Other important things relative to this
1. The first Pentecost after the resurrection
of Christ at least marked the beginning of the kingdom of Christ and the
inauguration of the New Testament (Acts 2
2. It looks like the offering of the first fruits at this
feast was typical of the first
fruits of the kingdom of Christ (Jas.1
3. They were to have a holy convocation on the first day, and make free will offerings, and rejoice before Jehovah.
4. Note that Lev.23
This would make the feast come on the first day of the week.
THE FEAST OF INGATHERING, OR TABERNACLES.
A. The meaning of the two names
1. It came after they had completed their harvest in every respect.
2. It was called the feasts of tabernacles because they lived in tabernacles or booths made of branches of palm trees, and boughs of thick trees and willows of the brook.
B. What was the purpose of this feast?
1. It surely was intended to cultivate a joyous and thankful spirit on the part of all the people.
thy God in the place which Jehovah shall choose; because Jehovah thy God will bless thee in all thine increase, and in all the works of thy hands, and thou shalt be altogether joyful."
(a). We preachers may give people the wrong impressions
by saying, "If we still lived under the Law we would have to go to Jerusalem three times per year to keep the feasts."
(b). It was intended to be a very joyous occasion
2. The Feast of Tabernacles commemorated their sojourn in the wilderness.
3. The feast may be typical of our lot as Christians.
1. We should profit by the instruction (Rom. 15
2. Considering the amount of time and material resources that they spent in spiritual activities should impress us. Combine the regular Sabbath, the daily activity of the tabernacle worship, and the three feasts we have studied about, plus the Feasts of Trumpets, and the Feast of the Day of Atonement – etc., and we can readily see that much of their time was spent in spiritual service.
3. God wants us to give much spiritual service
(b). Many Christians are not giving enough of their time and material things in spiritual service.
us consider and be admonished
more of us today?