NT 3404 Mt., Mk., Lu., and Jn.
James A. Turner
1. John 18
2. Annas had been removed by Roman authority, but evidently the rulers of the Jews still counted him as high priest.
3. Annas questioned Jesus, and one of his officers struck Jesus with his hand (Jn. -23).
1. Jn. says, “Annas therefore sent him bound unto Caiaphas the high priest.”
2. Roman authorities counted him as the high priest.
3. John entered in with Jesus
into the court of the high priest, but Peter stayed without, and warmed by the
enemies fire (Jn. -18; Mt. 26
4. Matthew 26
5. Mark. Says, “For
many bare false witness against him, and their witness agreed not together. And
there stood up certain, and bear false witness against him saying, We heard him
say, I will destroy this temple made with hands, and in three days I
will build another made without hands. And not even so did their witness agree
together Mk. 15
6. Then the high priest said, “I
adjure thee by the living God, that thou tell us whether thou art the Christ
the Son of God. Jesus said. Unto him, “Thou hast said
7. The Court condemned him to death. They said he was guilty of blasphemy because he said he was the Son of God.
III. BEFORE THE SANHEDRIN EARLY THE NEXT MORNING
1. Mt. 27
2. Mark’s account also shows
that the court condemned Jesus during the night (Mk. , -65) and met again the next
morning (Mk. 15
3. Why did the Sanhedrin meet again the next morning? Walter M. Chandler in his first volume entitled, The Trial Of Jesus, states that according to the rules of the Sanhedrin, the court was not to hear a capital punishment case at night. Do you think they were trying to give what they had done the appearance of legality?
IV. BEFORE PILATE THE FIRST TIME
1. Matthew, Mark, and John say
that they carried Jesus to Pilate the next morning (Mt. 27
2. Jn. reads, “They led Jesus therefore from Caiaphas into the Praetorium, (or palace) and it was early; and they themselves entered not into the Praetorium that they might not be defiled, but might eat the Passover.”
3. Jn. shows that Jesus kept the Passover with his disciples prior to the regular time for the Passover.
a. Why? Jesus died at the time they were to start killing the passover lambs!
b. A foot note in the ASV on
c. The Passover feast was
instituted before the event that it was to commemorate (Ex. 12
d. Jesus instituted the Lord’s
Supper before the event that it was to commemorate (Mt. 26
e. The passover
lambs were a type of Christ “ the lamb of God” ( Isa.
f. The lambs were to be without
blemish that prefigured Christ being without sin (Ex. 12
g. When the Israelites applied
the blood of the lambs it delivered them from the Egyptian bondage (Ex. 12
h. Not a bone in a Passover lamb was to be broken (Ex. ), and this prefigured that not a bone in the body of Christ was broken (Jn. -37).
4. Pilate questioned Jesus and
found no crime in him (Jn. -40; Lu. 23
V. BEFORE HEROD
1. Herod was glad that Pilate
sent Jesus to him (Lu. 23
2. Herod questioned Jesus “in
many words, and the chief priest and scribes stood, vehemently accusing him (Lu. 23
3. Herod found no fault in Jesus, but he and his soldiers mocked him and “arraying
Him in gorgeous apparel sent him back to Pilate (Lu. -12).”
VI. BEFORE PILATE THE SECOND TIME
1. When Herod sent Jesus back to Pilate he called the chief priest and the rulers of
the people, and said unto them, “Ye brought unto me this man, as one that
this man touching those things whereof ye accuse him
I will therefore chastise him, and release him (Lu. -16).”
2. These murders cried out, “ Away with the man and release unto us Barabbas”, Barabbas had caused an insurrection and was guilty of murder (Lu. -19).
3. Pilate then had Jesus
scourged, and the soldiers mocked him (Jn. 19
4. Pilate affirmed to them
again, “I find no crime in him and he said unto them, “Behold,
the man (Jn. 19
5. What did Pilate mean by “Behold, the man!” Did he not mean, don’t you think he has suffered enough?
6. When Pilate saw that a “tumult
was arising, he took water, and washed his hands before the multitude, saying,
I am innocent of the blood of this righteous man; see you to it (Mt. 27
7. All the people answered and
said, “His blood be on us, and on our children (Mt. 27
8. Was Pilate innocent? Surely
not! He was a moral coward! He knew that Jesus had “done
nothing worthy of death (Lu )”, and that “for
envy they had delivered him up (Mt. 27
9. Sometimes a victim’s stomach organs protruded by scourging, and some died when they were scourged.
must have been in such a terrible condition that they compelled Simon of Cyrene to bear his cross to Calvary (Mk. 15