JAMES A. TURNER
A. God gave Moses instruction for the building of the tabernacle soon after he led his
people out of
1. God warned him to make everything? “after their pattern, which bath been
showed thee in the mount (Ex.25
2. A pattern is always important but this one was especially important because it
was typical of many things in the future concerning Christ and his church.
3. Heb. 8
B. The materials for the tabernacle were obtained entirely by free will offerings of the
hair, ram skin, seal skins.
understanding to devise skillful work necessary in the construction of the
I. THE TABERNACLE.
A. The Tabernacle was only thirty cubits long, ten cubits wide, and ten cubits in height,
and it was divided by a veil of fine twined linen of blue, purple, and scarlet with
1. Everything about the Tabernacle was prefabricated.
walls were made of large boards ten cubits in length and a cubit and one half
in width overlaid with gold. Each board had two tenons that set in
two-sockets of silver, and there were five bars that were placed through gold
rings on three sides of the Tabernacle (Ex.26
3. There were four coverings that made up the roof structure.
to outside - the first was curtains of fine twined
linen of blue, purple, and scarlet embroidered with cherubims (Ex.26
b. The second was curtains of goat’s hair.
third was rams’ skins died red, and the fourth sealskins. (Ex. 26
4. Clarke’s Commentary, m volume one, page 489, gives the weight of the gold, silver and brass of the tabernacle as being nearly ten and one half tons.
B. The first room was called the
priests performed functions in this compartment, but the high priest was in
charge of all functions and services. (Nu. 18
Holy Place was a type of the true Tabernacle that was to be built by Christ.
3. Christ is our high priest, and he is in charge of all the functions and service of the church.
a. He has given us a divinely authorized plan of worship.
b. We give honor to God by serving
faithfully in Christ’s church. (I Cor.3
C. The second compartment of the Tabernacle
was called the
1. Only-the high priest could enter this
compartment. (Lev. 16-34; ii~.b. 9
3. The partition veil pf the temple was a type of Christ’s body that was to be sacrificed for our eternal
redemption. (Heb. 6
4. When Christ was crucified, the veil of the
temple was rent from the top to the bottom, signifying that the way into heaven
had been made manifest. (Heb. 9
II. THE FURNITURE IN THE
1. It was made of pure gold with one upright
shaft and six branches and ornamented with knobs almond blossoms, and flowers,
it had seven lamps. (Ex.
2.The priests were charged to keep olive oil in the lamps and keep them burning
continually. (Ex. 2 ,21.)
light of the Candlestick was typical of the Christians’ dispensing the light of
the gospel. (Psa. 119
Table of Show Bread was located on the north side in the
was two cubits long, one cubit wide, and one and a half cubits high, and
It-also had rings and staves by which it was carried. (Ex. 25
priests were to keep bread on this table always. They also ate of this bread in
was typical of the spiritual food of Christians. (Jn.,-55; I Pet. 2
Altar of Incense was placed before the veil which separated between the
was one cubit in length, one wide, and two in height, and was made of wood
overlaid with Gold. It also bad horns and rings and staves to carry it with.
priest burned sweet -spices on this altar each morning and each evening when he
dressed the lamps, and he also made atonement upon the horns of the altar on
the day of annual atonement. (Ex.30
III. THE FURNITURE OF THE
Ark of the Covenant was made of wood overlaid with gold and it was two and a
half cubits in length, one and one half in width, and one and one half in height,
it also had rings and staves by which it was carried. (Ex.25
pot of manna commemorated God’s feeding them with manna during the forty years
of their wilderness journey. (Ex. 16
rod commemorated Korah’s rebellion and God’s choice of Aaron as priest. (Num.
Mercy-Seat with the two cherubims made the lid or covering for the
the day of annual atonement the high priest sprinkled the blood of the
sin-offering on the Mercy-Seat. (Lev. 16
2. Ex. 25
IV. THE COURT AND ITS FURNITURE
court was one hundred cubits long and fifty cubits wide enclosed by curtains of
fine twined linen, five cubits in height. (Ex.
I. The curtains were held up by pillars of brass, and there was a socked of brass for each pillar, or post.
2. Everything was made so that it could be taken down and erected again.
3. The court seemingly separated between the holy and the profane.
Brazen Altar was located near the door of the Tabernacle. (Ex.40
1, It was made of wood overlaid with brass and it was five cubits long, five cubits wide, and three in height.
2, It bad rings and staves by which they
carried it. (Ex. 27
animals sacrificed on the Brazen Altar were to some extent typical of the
Christ that was to be slain for the sins of the world. (Heb. 10
C. The Layer was placed between the Brazen Altar
and the door of the tabernacle. (Ex, 40
Layer was made of the brass mirrors of the women that ministered at the door of
the tent of meeting. (Ex. 38
2, It’s size is not given.
priest washed their hands and their feet in the water of the Layer before they
went into the tabernacle. (Ex, 40
outward cleansing was probably typical of the spiritual purity required of
Christians. (2 Tim.2
V. THE REARING OF THE TABERNACLE.
they reared it up, “a cloud covered the tent of the congregation, and the glory
of the Lord filled the tabernacle. (Ex. 40
was a cloud over it by day and a fire was on it lby night.When God removed the
cloud it was time for the tabernacle to be taken down and the tribes to move on
their journey. (Ex. 40
B. Three families of the Levites had specific duties relative to the Tabernacle.
they carried the
b. The other pieces of furniture were properly
covered before the Kohathites started carrying them. (Nu. 4
2. The Merarites had charge of the boards of the Tabernacle and the bars and other instruments thereof.
a. They were given four wagons and eight oxen.
b, The articles that they moved were heavy.
Gershonites carried the coverings of the Tabernacle, the screen for the door,
and the hangings of the court. They were given four oxen and two wagons. (Num.